There are indications that the Trump administration is preparing to issue regulations rescinding the ability of H-4 spouses to get work permits. H-4 visas are given to the spouses of H-1B visa holders, highly-skilled foreign workers, the majority of whom are from India.
Until 2015, H-4 visa holders – who often had skill levels comparable to their spouses – were not allowed to work. In 2015, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services announced that some H-4 visa holders would be able to work if their spouses were on track for permanent residency in the U.S.
The primary visa holder had to be a beneficiary of an approved Form I-140, Immigrant Petition for Alien Worker, or a nonimmigrant seeking lawful permanent residence to work and remain in the United States beyond the six-year limit on their H-1B status.
If the application was approved, the eligible spouse would receive a Form I-766, Employment Authorization Document (EAD), allowing them to work during the period of its validity. The EAD validity period generally will match the H-4 spouse’s authorized period of admission, up to three years.
The 90-day period for adjudicating these I-765 applications, however, does not begin until the companion extension application is approved.